Bardi di Vernio chapel, Santa Croce, Florence
- (c. 1340)The Bardi di Vernio Chapel was frescoed by Maso di Banco, one of Giotto's pupils and followers. The theme chosen was the story of St. Sylvester, who reigned as pope from 314 to 335 and who cured Emperor Constantine the Great from leprosy by persuading him to convert to Christianity and to close the empire's pagan temples. The cycle begins with the emperor's conversion and ends with the Cleansing of the Roman Capitol of the corruption of pagan Rome. Of the scenes in the chapel, the most often discussed is St. Sylvester Resuscitating Two Deceased Romans, which depicts another of the miracles the saint effected. Two men were killed at the Roman Forum by the breath of a dragon, here read as the symbol of religious ignorance. Sylvester closed the dragon's throat so it would cause no further harm and he then revived the victims, much to the amazement of onlookers. In the fresco, the Roman Forum is rendered not as it looked in the fourth century when the scene occurred, but in its ruinous state of the 14th century when Maso painted it, this to denote the end of the pagan era. It has been suggested that the events from the lives of a pope-saint were chosen to refer to the Bardi as the bankers of the papacy.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Santa Croce, Florence — (beg. 1294; consecrated 1442) Santa Croce is the Franciscan Church of Florence, its design commonly attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio. During the planning stages, the Franciscans were divided on whether to build a modest design that accorded… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence — Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence The Basilica di Santa Croce (Basilica of the Holy Cross) is the principal Franciscan church in Florence, Italy, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church. It is situated on the Piazza di Santa Croce,… … Wikipedia
European dragon — (Wyrm, Worm) The Ljubljana Dragon, protector of Ljubljana, capital of Slovenia Creature Grouping … Wikipedia
Maso di Banco — (active c. 1320 1350) Florentine painter who trained with Giotto. Maso di Banco s masterpiece is the series of five frescoes he created in c. 1340 in the Bardi di Vernio Chapel at Santa Croce, Florence. These scenes are from the life of St.… … Dictionary of Renaissance art